top of page

Cannabis Possession & Equivalents

Canadian Federal Legislature*

  • Legal Age: 18+ (minimum), or as specified per Province

  • Maximum Possession: Up to 30 grams, or equivalent, or as specified per Province

  • Retail: As specified per Province; online sales available in each Province

  • Consumption: Private dwelling and property, or as specified per Province. Prohibited in vehicles.

  • Cultivation: Up to 4 plants per household, or as specified per Province

A detailed summary of Canada's legal cannabis laws.

Adult-use recreational cannabis was legalized in Canada on October 17, 2018.

The information on this website reflects the compiled legal frameworks of the Federal, Provincial Gov and Municipal Governments of Canada.

Click here to view Bill C-45 CANNABIS ACT. Source: Government of Canada

Possession Equivalent

Possession & Equivalents


On October 17 (2018), the Federal Government of Canada made it legal for an adult to purchase, possess, consume or cultivate cannabis products.


Today, an adult may only purchase dried cannabis, cannabis oil extracts, cannabis seeds or cannabis seedlings. Other cannabis products, such as edible or beverage products and concentrates, are to be introduced by October 17, 2019.


The federal Cannabis Act allows for the sale and purchase of cannabis seeds and seedlings only. A plant that is flowering may not be legally sold.


Legal Age: Adults must be of legal in their Province or Territory to be allowed to possess up to 30 grams of cannabis, or equivalent, in a public place. Check out our Travel Map to see the regulations across Canada.


Young people — those under the legal age of 18 — will not be allowed to purchase or possess any cannabis.

This zero tolerance approach means that youth who possess more than 5 grams of cannabis will continue to be subject to criminal charges under the federal legislation. Youth who possess 5 grams or less will not be subject to criminal charges (which could negatively impact their future), but will be subject to seizure of the cannabis, notification of parents or guardians, and penalties similar to those for underage possession of alcohol or tobacco.


Possession Equivalencies to Dried Cannabis


The individual public possession limit for cannabis is 30 grams, or cannabis equivalent, of dried cannabis flower.


Cannabis Equivalents were developed by the Government of Canada to recognize conversion ratios for the public possession of cannabis products that are not dried flower. Such products include infused cannabis oils or beverages, cannabis seeds, fresh cannabis, edible products or concentrated products.


According to Schedule 3 of the federal Bill C-45 Cannabis Act:


One (1) gram of dried cannabis is equivalent to:

  • 5 grams of fresh cannabis

  • 15 grams of edible product

  • 70 grams of liquid (e.g. oil) product

  • 0.25 grams of concentrates (solid or liquid)

  • 1 cannabis plant seed


Thirty (30) grams of dried cannabis is equivalent to:

  • 150 grams of fresh cannabis

  • 450 grams of edible product

  • 2100 grams of liquid (e.g oil) product

  • 7.5 grams of concentrates (solid or liquid)

  • 30 cannabis plant seeds

FB - Gocanna Calc. (2).jpg
Learn about the cannabis laws as you travel across Canada exploring the best destinations and vacation spots. We are Canada's cannabis tourism guide.
Canada's Cannabis
Travel Map
map-2562138_960_720 - EDITEDV2.jpg
Canada's Cannabis
Travel Map
Join the Discussion
The category is members only, sign up to join in
FB - Gocanna Calc. (1).jpg
bottom of page