The Canadian Border
Canadian Federal Legislature*
Legal Age: 18+ (minimum), or as specified per Province
Maximum Possession: Up to 30 grams, or equivalent, or as specified per Province
Retail: As specified per Province; online sales available in each Province
Consumption: Private dwelling and property, or as specified per Province. Prohibited in vehicles.
Cultivation: Up to 4 plants per household, or as specified per Province
Adult-use recreational cannabis was legalized in Canada on October 17, 2018.
The information on this website reflects the compiled legal frameworks of the Federal, Provincial Gov and Municipal Governments of Canada.
Click here to view Bill C-45 CANNABIS ACT. Source: Government of Canada
Despite the fact that cannabis will become legal and regulated in Canada in the near future, it is illegal now and will remain illegal to transport cannabis across Canada's national borders.
This prohibition applies:
even if you are authorized to use cannabis for medical purposes
no matter how much cannabis you have with you
even if you are travelling to or from an area where cannabis has been legalized or decriminalized
If you are entering Canada and you have cannabis with you in any form, you must declare it to the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA).
Not declaring cannabis in your possession at the Canadian border is a serious offence. You could face arrest and prosecution.
Travelling with cannabis within Canada
When you are travelling within Canada it is your responsibility to learn the laws of the province or territory you are going to. If you use cannabis, purchase and consume it within the province or territory you are in. Follow the laws that are in place in that jurisdiction.
It is illegal to take cannabis across Canada's international borders. You could be subject to criminal charges if you try to travel to other countries with any amount of cannabis in your possession.
Cannabis is illegal in most countries. You could be denied entry to another country, if you have:
involvement in the legal cannabis industry in Canada
previously used cannabis or any substance prohibited by local laws
As traveller, it is your responsibility to be informed about the a
laws of the country you intend to visit. This includes the legal status of cannabis use and possession in any country you may travel to. You must obey the laws of the country you are in. Consequences for doing otherwise could be severe and an individual may face up to 14 years imprisonment for bringing cannabis across the Canadian border.
Visit Cannabis and international travel for more information.
Medical cannabis patients may carry up to 150 grams on their person, and may travel across the Canadian border.
Make sure to bring your medical cannabis prescription and be prepared to show your medical documents at the airport and border. Never bring medical cannabis to a country that does not permit medical cannabis. Consequences for doing otherwise could be severe.
Government of Canada